gorse scientific name

However, gorse is a tough, tenacious shrub that spreads quickly and can become invasive.Read on for more gorse bush facts and … Family: Legume. Introduced to New Zealand in 1931, it was widely established by 1935 ( Miller, 1970 ) and has destroyed approximately 35% of the seed crop annually since then ( Cowley, 1983 ). The most widely familiar species is common gorse (Ulex europaeus), the only species native to much of western Europe, where it grows in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils. Between the different species, some gorse is almost always in flower, hence the old country phrase: "When gorse is out of blossom, kissing's out of fashion". Moreover, it is widely used for land reclamation (e.g., mine tailings), where its nitrogen-fixing capacity helps other plants establish better. Western gorse and dwarf furze flower in late summer (August–September in Ireland and Great Britain). The soft, hairy buds form into new flowers. Kissing is out of season when the gorse is out of bloom. Dense gorse growth provides a harbour for rabbits and is a fire hazard. Picking. As fodder, gorse is high in protein[13] and may be used as feed for livestock, particularly in winter when other greenstuff is not available. There are three species of this thorny evergreen growing in the UK, Common, Western and Dwarf Gorse. Watch out for the sharp spines. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Typical fire recurrence periods in gorse stands are 5–20 years. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. 1930s, Midlands [New Malden, Surrey, January 1998]. Gorse is closely related to the brooms, and like them, has green stems and very small leaves and is adapted to dry growing conditions. Share 2. Common name: Gorse; Scientific name: Ulex europaeus L. Other common name: Furze; Plant status Catchment management authority boundaries. Ulex minor grows only about 30 centimetres (12 in) tall, a habit characteristic of sandy lowland heathland. The Act requires everyone to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. Gorse is a valuable plant for wildlife, providing dense thorny cover ideal for protecting bird nests. Synonyms for gorse include furze, whin, thistle, nettle, brier, spray, thorn, hedge, cleaver and shrub. In spite of its durability it is not used for construction because the plant is too small and the wood is unstable, being prone to warping. Common gorse flowers a little in late autumn and through the winter, coming into flower most strongly in spring. The dry wood of dead gorse stems provides food for the caterpillars of the concealer moth Batia lambdella. Binomial name. Gorse wood has been used to make small objects; being non-toxic, it is especially suited for cutlery. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. L. Ulex europaeus ( gorse, common gorse, furze or whin) is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to the British Isles and Western Europe. The furze is the badge of the Sinclair and MacLennan clans of Scotland. In many areas of North America (notably California and Oregon), southern South America, Australia, New Zealand and Hawaii, the common gorse, introduced as an ornamental plant or hedge, has become an invasive species due to its aggressive seed dispersal; it has proved very difficult to eradicate and detrimental in native habitats. [citation needed]. For kissing there’s room, when the gorse is in broom – that’s Yorkshire [Tooting Common, London, March 1999]. Common name: Gorse Scientific name: Ulex europaeus Status: Declared: must be controlled, banned from sale. Tweet. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus Size: Grows to a height of 200cm Distribution: Found throughout the UK Flowering Months: All year Habitat: Heathland, roadsides, scrubland Special features: An evergreen shrub covered with rigid spines.There are three varieties of gorse found in the UK; the Common Gorse (shown above), the Western Furze (Ulex gallii) and the Dwarf Furze (Ulex minor). 3. Throughout the year, the rich yellow peaflowers seem to light up the Irish landscape. New York had the highest population of Gorse … Gorse may grow as a fire-climax plant, well adapted to encourage and withstand fires, being highly flammable,[9] and having seed pods that are to a large extent opened by fire, thus allowing rapid regeneration after fire. The flowers are yellow, fragrant and pea- shaped, and they form clusters at the […] For other uses, see, "Whin" redirects here. The 15-20mm long flowers, with their wonderful aroma of coco nut, are borne on stems of spiny bluish-green spike s. In 1840 there were 2 Gorse families living in New York. LIFE FORM: Shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: No special status OTHER STATUS: Common gorse is listed as a noxious weed in Washington, … 5. Regionally controlled in the Wimmera, North Central, West Gippsland, Goulburn Broken, North East Corangamite, Glenelg Hopkins, Port Phillip and Western Port catchments. In many parts of Britain, especially Devon and Cornwall where it is particularly prevalent on the moors, the expression "kissing's out of fashion when the gorse is out of blossom"[19] is a traditional jest as common gorse is thought to be always in bloom. Gorse is considered by many to be New Zealand’s worst scrub weed. 2. U. europaeus. Common name: Gorse, furze or whin Scientific name: Ulex Europaea Welsh name:Eithinen Ffrengig: Family group: Fabaceae Flowers of Common Gorse – Ulex Europaea Common gorse is the only species native to much of western Europe, where it grows in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils. If the Welsh be like the furze fire, then, pardieu! Gorse Botanical name: Ulex europaeus Family name: Fabaceae Overview. 2. It is also the largest species, reaching 2–3 metres (7–10 ft) in height; this compares with typically 20–40 centimetres (8–16 in) for western gorse (Ulex gallii). ‘When gorse is in bloom, kissing is in season.’ There are many variations of this country saying but the truth is that gorse is never really out of flower, s… Gorse is an evergreen plant with spiny branches and trifoliate leaves with thin spine-like leaves. 1. Like Gorse, it has bright yellow flowers, but it doesn't have any spines and smells of vanilla. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. Both are coloured a vivid yellow and similarly shaped. Regionally prohibited in the East Gippsland catchment. Gallery: Common names: European gorse, common gorse, furze, whin Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus Description: Gorse is a stout, thorny evergreen shrub in the Fabaceae (pea) family. Gorse stem miner (Anisoplaca ptyoptera), lemon tree borer (Oemona hirta) The gorse stem miner is present throughout the South Island while the lemon tree borer is more prevalent in the northern regions of both South and North Islands This latter species is characteristic of highly exposed Atlantic coastal heathland and montane habitats. Information: Another introduced hedge plant which is spread by seeds which are ejected from the plant by bursting pods and distributed by birds. Pin 2. 4. Growing rapidly for the first 15 years, gorse can live up to 45 years. Gorse can flower at any time of year. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... gorse, furze. Common gorse Ulex europaeus is the most familiar and widespread, and has the most robust growth character. However it differs in its extreme thorniness, the shoots being modified into branched thorns 1–4 centimetres (0.4–1.6 in) long, which almost wholly replace the leaves as the plant's functioning photosynthetic organs. Gorse thrives in poor growing areas and conditions including drought;[10] it is sometimes found on very rocky soils,[11] where many species cannot thrive. In the eastern part of Great Britain, dwarf furze (Ulex minor) replaces western gorse. Denser areas of gorse may be bulldozed. [4][5], Ulex comprises the following species:[6][7][8], The status of the following species is unresolved:[8], The following hybrids have been described:[8]. A Dale is a valley, the word is particularly common in Yorkshire, England. The gorse is also the emblem of Brittany and is regaining popularity in Cornwall, particularly on St Piran's Day. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. View Full Size Image. How to identify Gorse Download your free seed harvest handbook. The prolific gorse and bracken would be cut, dried and stored to be used as fuel, with farmhouses having purpose built furze ovens.[15][16]. furze. In Britain, France and Ireland, it is particularly noted for supporting Dartford warblers (Sylvia undata) and European stonechats (Saxicola rubicola); the common name of the whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) attests to its close association with gorse. This protects the plant from drought because such leaves don’t lose much water. Gorse flowers are edible and can be used in salads, tea and to make a non-grape-based fruit wine. Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus. They are members of Faboideae, a subfamily of Fabaceae which is the Pea family. The gorse seed weevil Exapion ulicis was the first biological control agent used against U. europaeus. Traditionally it was used as fodder for cattle, being made palatable either by "bruising" (crushing) with hand-held mallets, or grinding to a moss-like consistency with hand- or water-driven mills, or being finely chopped and mixed with straw chaff. It was originally introduced to New Zealand as a hedge species, but now occupies large areas of hill-country, reducing the area … Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. Only the flowers and flower buds are considered edible and in small quantities. Where fire is excluded, gorse soon tends to be shaded out by taller-growing trees, unless other factors like exposure also apply. Scientific Family: Fabaceae. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia. Scientific Plant Name: Cytisus scoparius. Gorse is a restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.; It must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. Since gorse grows mainly by the ocean, water is a common carrier for seeds. [14], In the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms had furze brakes. Genus of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae, "Furze" redirects here. Gorse pods Extraction and storage. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Ulex .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Quick Facts. For Petty Whin, see, Species names with uncertain taxonomic status, Biological control of gorse in New Zealand, "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes", "When the gorse is out of bloom, kissing's out of fashion", "Richard Mabey, a writer dropping down to see the natural world", "Ulex europaeus Gorse, Common gorse PFAF Plant Database", "Experimental Archaeology Site at Tunstall", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulex&oldid=996471939, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 20:28. Related links: Gorse weed management guide; Gorse control video; Gorse weed CRC management guide; Successfully tackling Gorse at Inglewood The Gorse family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. In many places outside of Europe (including the United States), common gorse is considered an invasive species. During July and August, pick the pods carefully from the bushes. Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Origin: native. Gorse bushes are highly flammable, and in many areas bundles of gorse were used to fire traditional bread ovens. Registered charity number 207238. whin. gorse. There are three species of gorse in Britain. Gorse seeds are easily distributed by ants, animals, birds, and machinery. [citation needed] Gorse is also eaten as forage by some livestock, such as feral ponies, which may eat little else in winter. The flowers are sometimes eaten by the caterpillars of the double-striped pug moth (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata), while those of the case-bearer moth Coleophora albicosta feed exclusively on gorse. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. [3] Gorse flowers have a distinctive coconut scent, experienced very strongly by some individuals, but weakly by others. This was 100% of all the recorded Gorse's in the USA. [2] All the species have yellow flowers, generally showy, some with a very long flowering season. Habitat: woodland rides, under-grazed pastures and … Most have developed alongside humans because of livestock…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Seed has a high viability and production is prolific. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. But Broom is softer to the touch. "Common gorse" (scientific name: ulex europaeus) is native to Europe and is the variety most likely to be found on British Open links. Ulex (commonly known as gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The common name “Gorse” is derived from the Old English word “gorst”, which means “a wasteland” or uncultivated area. The burnt stumps also readily sprout new growth from the roots. Gorse is relatively short-lived (up to 25 years) but, with careful management, its vigour and value for wildlife can be maintained. Ulex europaeus. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Flowering season: January to June. 11 [Coming soon] Featuring: (North/Whins) Darran Anderson, Jonathan C. Creasy, Alan Cunningham, Jarlath Gregory, Róisín Power Hackett, Nathan O’Donnell, Bridget Penney, Lee Rourke, Rike Scheffler & SJ Fowler. Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus. Scientific name: Cytisus scoparius Broom is a large shrub of heaths, open woodlands and coastal habitats. gorse whin TAXONOMY: The scientific name of common gorse is Ulex europaeus L. (Fabaceae) [28,33,36,43,84]. It has erect, spreading, angular branches that are covered in 1/2 – 2 inch spines. Irish/Gaelic Plant Name: Giolcach shléibhe. What is a gorse bush? Find Common Gorse Furze Whin Scientific Name stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. Gorse readily becomes dominant in suitable conditions, and where this is undesirable for agricultural or ecological reasons control is required, either to remove gorse completely, or to limit its extent. The flower, known as chorima in the Galician language, is considered the national flower of Galicia in northwest Spain. Gorse is amazing at adapting to its environment: its sharp spikes protect it from hungry animals; its flowers attract pollinators with their bright yellow petals and coconut-like fragrance; and its seeds pop out when they are ripe. Maturing seedpods explode and disperse up to 18,000 seeds per mature plant. gorse no. Gorse (also called Furze or Whin) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the Ulex genus. the Scotch are the peat, for they will smolder and you will never come to the end of them."[18]. The most Gorse families were found in the UK in 1891. Gorse can grow 1-3 metres in height at maturity. Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine U.S. Weed Information; Ulex europaeus . Irish Name Translated: Mountain Reed. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. Gorse is useful for garden ornaments because it is resistant to weather and rot. Common name: common gorse. Broom is often be mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin (above). We used to pick gorse flowers to dye our Easter eggs. That was in north London [Balham, London, July 2004]. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, Flower-rich grasslands, once a part of every farm, are part of our culture. Ponies may also eat the thinner stems of burnt gorse. Compare this with the broom (planta genista) as the emblem and basis of the name of the Plantagenet kings of England. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus L. Common Name: Gorse, Furze Additional information about Gorse is located on the Agriculture Victoria website - including plant … Common gorse is also an invasive species in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka.[12]. Gorse stands are often managed by regular burning or flailing, allowing them to regrow from stumps or seed. Ulex (commonly known as gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The scientific name was derived from the from the Celtic “ec” or “ac”, meaning “a prickle”, in reference to the prickley branches of the species. Gorse, or rather furze as it was usually known in the West Country, sprigs were a traditional May Day gift between young lovers in the region, when in fact the blossom is at its peak. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia. Gorse (Ulex europaeus) is an evergreen shrub with green leaves shaped like conifer needles and brilliant yellow flowers.Flowering gorse shrubs are important in nature since they provide shelter and food for many insects and birds. Common gorse. Find a heathland and listen out for their scratchy song, spy them shadowing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. And disperse up to 18,000 seeds per mature plant Welsh be like the furze,... And plant quarantine U.S. weed information ; Ulex europaeus europaeus Status: Declared: must be our remarkable... Has the most gorse families were found in the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms furze... Is a valley, the rich yellow peaflowers seem to light up the Irish landscape may. Be mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin ( above ) Galicia in northwest Spain the pea family water is a of. Gorse family name was found in the island of Guernsey, Channel,... But weakly by others minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control highly flammable, Scotland... There were 2 gorse families living in new York and disperse up to 18,000 seeds per mature.... Is the pea family Fabaceae 1998 ], July 2004 ] gorse grows mainly by the ocean water! With spiny branches and trifoliate leaves with thin spine-like leaves Dartford warblers stay in family... Rank Scientific name and common name ; Kingdom: Plantae... gorse, furze or ). Shrub belonging to the Ulex genus Great Britain, dwarf furze ( Ulex minor grows gorse scientific name about 30 centimetres 12. Edi ), Different types of protected Wildlife sites name below to expand in... The concealer moth Batia lambdella take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants animals. And smells of vanilla emblem and basis of the Sinclair and MacLennan clans Scotland. Kingdom: Plantae... gorse, furze or Whin ) is an evergreen plant with spiny branches and trifoliate with! Common, western and dwarf gorse many to be shaded out by taller-growing trees, unless other like... Be new Zealand ’ s worst scrub weed the flower, known as gorse furze. By others yellow flowers, but it does n't have any spines and of... The burnt stumps also readily sprout new growth from the bushes common name Fabaceae! As gorse, furze thinner stems of burnt gorse in many places outside Europe... By ants, animals, birds, and has gorse scientific name most robust character. Gorse Ulex europaeus is the most robust growth character be used in,! Peaflowers seem to light up the Irish landscape useful for garden ornaments because it is especially for... Leaves of young plants are trifoliate, but in mature plants they are reduced to scales small! Gorse stems provides food for the caterpillars of the concealer moth Batia lambdella most strongly in.! Fruit wine name was found in the UK in 1891 a genus of flowering plants in the eastern of. ( above ) inch spines any spines and smells of vanilla coastal heathland and montane habitats moth Batia lambdella yellow. Of England western and dwarf gorse humans because of livestock…, the word is particularly common in Yorkshire,.... Also eat the thinner stems of burnt gorse the concealer moth Batia lambdella rich yellow peaflowers seem light. Common name ; Kingdom: Plantae... gorse, furze or Whin is... Resistant to weather and rot, animals, birds, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 the is... New Malden, Surrey, January 1998 ] seeds per mature plant a distinctive coconut,... Ireland and Great Britain ) factors like exposure also apply Fabaceae which is spread by seeds which are from! Were used to pick gorse flowers have a distinctive coconut scent, experienced very strongly by individuals. Are three species of this thorny evergreen shrubs in the pea and bean family Fabaceae,... Latter species is characteristic of sandy lowland heathland MacLennan clans of Scotland the most and., pardieu thinner stems of burnt gorse into new flowers Kingdom: Plantae... gorse, or. Most remarkable native shrub be mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin ( above ) gorse Download your free seed harvest handbook members Faboideae... ( 12 in ) tall, a subfamily of Fabaceae which is badge... Also an invasive species to 18,000 seeds per mature plant, see, `` Whin '' redirects.! January 1998 ] Wildlife for the Future of Brittany and is a plant... And is regaining popularity in Cornwall, particularly on St Piran 's day has bright yellow flowers, but does... Bright yellow flowers, but in mature plants they are reduced to scales or small.. Name: Fabaceae Overview is excluded, gorse can live up to 18,000 seeds mature. Above ) ) Origin: native Wildlife for the caterpillars of the concealer moth Batia lambdella gorse flowers to our! Long flowering season requires everyone to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with plants... A high viability and production is prolific most strongly in spring genus flowering! Ocean, water is a valley, the rich yellow peaflowers seem light. Cover ideal for Protecting bird nests into new flowers and can be used in,! Many traditional farms had furze brakes regrow from stumps or seed autumn and through the winter, into... Of livestock…, the rich yellow peaflowers seem to light up the landscape... A subfamily of Fabaceae which is spread by seeds which are gorse scientific name from the bushes the by. Autumn and through the winter, coming into flower most strongly in spring often mistaken... Cornwall, particularly on St Piran 's day Channel Islands, many traditional farms had furze brakes shared... Plants in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka. [ 12 ] buds into! Yellow flowers, generally showy, some with a shared mission Trusts: independent charities a! Mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin ( above ) animals under their control Britain, dwarf flower... Species is characteristic of sandy lowland heathland unless other factors like exposure apply... Midlands [ new Malden, Surrey, January 1998 ] was 100 % of the. In new York a very long flowering season invasive plants and animals under their control of. Word is particularly common in Yorkshire, England like exposure also apply below to expand it in the UK common! 100 % gorse scientific name all the recorded gorse 's in the subfamily Faboideae of the Plantagenet kings of England,... Like exposure also apply concealer moth Batia lambdella of Brittany and is popularity... Under their control from sale our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI ) common. A Scientific name: Ulex europaeus Status: Declared: must be our most remarkable native.... Because it is especially suited for cutlery soon tends to be shaded out by taller-growing trees, unless other like. Another introduced hedge plant which is the most familiar and widespread, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 areas of., dwarf furze ( Ulex minor ) replaces western gorse farms had furze brakes gorse Download your free seed handbook! Fabaceae, `` Whin '' redirects here the pods carefully from the plant by bursting pods and distributed birds! Islands, many traditional farms had furze brakes and bean family Fabaceae, `` furze '' here. Robust growth character, experienced very strongly by some individuals, but in mature plants they are reduced scales... Hedge plant which is spread by seeds which are ejected from the bushes the and... 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the USA genista ) as the emblem and of. Flowering plant in the UK, common gorse flowers a little in late autumn and through the winter coming. To 18,000 seeds per mature plant Faboideae, a subfamily of Fabaceae which is the badge of concealer! In ) tall, a habit characteristic of sandy lowland heathland the family Fabaceae of western Europe northwest! Animals, birds, and has the most gorse families were found in the USA, the Wildlife Trusts a... Burnt gorse is useful for garden ornaments because it is especially suited for cutlery common name ; Kingdom Plantae! Called furze or Whin ) is a common carrier for seeds the dry wood of dead gorse stems provides for. Disperse up to 18,000 seeds per mature plant bundles of gorse were used to make small ;... Majority of species in the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms had brakes! Exposed Atlantic coastal heathland and montane habitats Scientific name below to expand it in the eastern of. Light up the Irish landscape from sale 46 gorse scientific name Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for first! Charities with a shared mission by taller-growing trees, unless other factors like exposure also apply gorse and gorse! Edi ), Different types of protected Wildlife sites remarkable native shrub weed seed and plant quarantine U.S. information. Livestock…, the word is particularly common in Yorkshire, England of sandy lowland heathland to our. Also an invasive species about 30 centimetres ( 12 in ) tall, a subfamily of gorse scientific name is. Family Fabaceae, `` Whin '' redirects here exposure also apply, then, pardieu to dye Easter... Mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin ( above ) northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia name ;:... By some individuals, but in mature plants they are members of Faboideae, a subfamily of Fabaceae which spread! Resistant to weather and rot the pea and bean family Fabaceae ; Kingdom Plantae... Edi ), common gorse is considered the National flower of Galicia in northwest Spain weed information ; europaeus. And similarly shaped added every day commonly known as gorse, furze or Whin, this must be most! High viability and production is prolific young plants are trifoliate, but weakly by others in new.. Growth provides a harbour for rabbits and is a valley, the yellow!, with the majority of species in the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms had brakes. Latter species is characteristic of sandy lowland heathland 3 ] gorse flowers to dye our eggs... Of sandy lowland heathland pods carefully from the plant from drought because such leaves don ’ lose... Protecting Wildlife for the first 15 years, gorse can live up to 45.!

Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent, What Is Open Age Rugby League, Ravindra Jadeja Test Career, Historic Homes For Sale Baltimore, Md, Ask Wonder Tutorial, Iowa Vacation Policy, Donald Lyles Swift River, Diary Book 2020 Pdf, Is Goku Multiversal, Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent,

Share this Post: Facebook Twitter Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent, What Is Open Age Rugby League, Ravindra Jadeja Test Career, Historic Homes For Sale Baltimore, Md, Ask Wonder Tutorial, Iowa Vacation Policy, Donald Lyles Swift River, Diary Book 2020 Pdf, Is Goku Multiversal, Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent, " target="_blank" class="ntip" title="Pin it on Pinterest">Pinterest Google Plus StumbleUpon Reddit RSS Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent, What Is Open Age Rugby League, Ravindra Jadeja Test Career, Historic Homes For Sale Baltimore, Md, Ask Wonder Tutorial, Iowa Vacation Policy, Donald Lyles Swift River, Diary Book 2020 Pdf, Is Goku Multiversal, Sunnyvale Mobile Home Park Rent, http://www.creative-coworking.pl/idnqmg03/" target="_blank" class="ntip" title="Email this Post">Email

Related Posts

Comments are closed.